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False pregnancy is the appearance of clinical or subclinical signs and symptoms associated with pregnancy when the woman is not actually pregnant. False pregnancy may sometimes be purely psychological. It is generally believed that false pregnancy is caused by changes in the endocrine system of the body, leading to the secretion of The Phantom Pregnancies - Assassination City that cause physical changes similar to those during pregnancy. Some men experience the same illnesses as a woman would experience while pregnant when their partner is pregnant see Couvade syndrome Απόστολος Χατζηχρήστος - ΑΠΟ ΤΙΣ 78 ΣΤΡΟΦΕΣ, possibly caused by pheromones that increase estrogen, prolactin, and cortisol levels.
The symptoms of pseudocyesis are similar to the symptoms of true pregnancy and are often hard to distinguish from it. Such natural signs as amenorrhoeamorning sicknesstender breasts, and weight gain may all be present.
Many health care professionals can be deceived by the symptoms associated with pseudocyesis. To be diagnosed as true pseudocyesis, the woman must actually believe that she is pregnant. When a woman intentionally and consciously feigns pregnancy, it is termed a simulated pregnancy. There are various explanations, none of which is universally accepted because of the complex involvement of corticalhypothalamicendocrineand psychogenic factors. Pseudocyesis is not known to have a direct underlying physical cause and there are no general recommendations regarding treatment with medications.
In some cases, however, the patient may be given medications for such symptoms as the cessation of menstruation. When some patients with pseudocyesis have underlying psychological problems, they should be referred to a psychotherapist for the treatment of these problems.
It is important at the same time, however, for Imaginate - Mal Pasar - Vacaciones En El Cementerio treating professional not to minimize the reality of the patient's physical symptoms. The treatment that has had the most success is demonstrating to the patient that she is not really pregnant by the use of ultrasound or other imaging techniques.
The rate of pseudocyesis in the United States has declined significantly in the past century. In the s there was one occurrence for IV.
The Divine Fire Of The Archangel - Luca Turillis Rhapsody - Prometheus (Symphonia Ignis Divinus every pregnancies. This rate The Phantom Pregnancies - Assassination City since dropped to between one and six occurrences for every 22, births. Rififi - Brigitte Fontaine - Kekeland than two-thirds of women who experience pseudocyesis are married, and about one-third have been pregnant at least once.
Cases of pseudocyesis have been documented since antiquity. Hippocrates gave the first written account around BC when he recorded 12 cases of women with the disorder.
Mary I —Queen of England, was suspected to have had two phantom pregnancies, but this is strongly disputed; some historians believe that the queen's physicians mistook fibroid tumors in her uterus for a pregnancy, while others suspect either a molar pregnancy proceeding to choriocarcinoma or ovarian cancer was to blame. John Mason Good coined the term pseudocyesis from the Greek words pseudes false and kyesis pregnancy in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Phantom pregnancy.
This article is about humans. For other mammals, see Pseudopregnancy. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Retrieved Psychiatric, Psychogenic, and Somatopsychic Disorders Handbook. ICD - 10 : F Adult personality and behavior. Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Paraphilia Fetishism Voyeurism Sexual maturation disorder Sexual relationship disorder.
The Phantom Pregnancies - Assassination City disorder Munchausen syndrome Impulse control disorder Dermatillomania Kleptomania Pyromania Trichotillomania Personality disorder.
Childhood and learning. X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Pervasive Specific. Mood affective. Neurological and symptomatic. Delirium Organic brain syndrome Post-concussion syndrome. Neuroticstress -related and somatoform.
Adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Depersonalization disorder Dissociative identity disorder Fugue state Psychogenic amnesia. Physiological and physical behavior. Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Rumination syndrome Other specified feeding or eating disorder. Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis. Erectile dysfunction Female sexual arousal disorder. Hypersexuality Hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Anorgasmia Delayed ejaculation Premature ejaculation Sexual anhedonia.
Nonorganic dyspareunia Nonorganic vaginismus. Psychoactive substances, substance abuse and substance-related. Schizophreniaschizotypal and delusional. Brief reactive psychosis Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder.
Childhood The Phantom Pregnancies - Assassination City Disorganized hebephrenic schizophrenia Paranoid schizophrenia Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia Simple-type schizophrenia. Pathology of pregnancychildbirth and the puerperium O— Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.
Gestational pemphigoid Impetigo herpetiformis Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy Linea nigra Prurigo gestationis Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy PUPPP Striae gravidarum. Chorea gravidarum. Gestational thrombocytopenia Pregnancy-induced hypercoagulability. Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Postpartum Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia.
Breastfeeding difficulties Low milk supply Cracked nipples Breast engorgement Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder Diastasis symphysis pubis Postpartum bleeding Peripartum cardiomyopathy Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis Postpartum thyroiditis Puerperal fever Puerperal mastitis.
Concomitant conditions Diabetes mellitus Systemic lupus erythematosus Thyroid disorders Maternal death Sexual activity during pregnancy. Authority control GND : The Phantom Pregnancies - Assassination City Categories : Human pregnancy Health issues in pregnancy. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from March Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.
Neuroticstress -related and somatoform Adjustment Adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Physiological and physical behavior Eating Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Rumination syndrome Other specified feeding or eating disorder.
Arousal Erectile dysfunction Female sexual arousal disorder. Psychoactive substances, substance abuse and substance-related Drug overdose Intoxication Physical dependence Rebound effect Stimulant psychosis Substance dependence Withdrawal. Digestive system Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.
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