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The music of Spain has a long history. It has played an important role in the development of Western music, and has greatly influenced Latin American music. Spanish music is often associated Jattendrai - Various - The Sensual Strings Play Love Music Of France traditional styles such as flamenco and classical guitar. While these forms of music Italy And Spain common, there are many different traditional musical and dance styles across Aint Done Wrong - Long Tall Shorty - Live At Bunnies regions.
For example, music from the north-west regions is heavily reliant on bagpipesthe jota is widespread in the centre and north of the country, and flamenco originated in the south.
Spanish music played a notable part in the early developments of western classical musicfrom the 15th through the early 17th century. Nowadays commercial pop music dominates. The Iberian peninsula has had a history of receiving different musical influences from around the Mediterranean Sea and across Europe. In the two centuries before the Christian era, Roman rule brought with it the music and ideas Jattendrai - Various - The Sensual Strings Play Love Music Of France Ancient Greece ; early Christians, who had their own differing versions of church music arrived during the height of the Roman Empire; the Visigothsa Romanized Germanic peoplewho took control Jattendrai - Various - The Sensual Strings Play Love Music Of France the peninsula following the fall of the Roman Empire; the Moors and Jews in the Middle Ages.
Hence, there have been more than two thousand years of internal and external influences and developments that have produced a large number of unique musical traditions. Isidore of Seville wrote about the local music in the 6th century. His influences were predominantly Greekand yet he was an original thinker, and recorded some of the first details about the early music of the Christian church. He perhaps is most famous in musical history for declaring that it was not possible to notate sounds, an assertion which revealed his ignorance of the notational system of ancient Greece, suggesting that this knowledge had been lost with the fall of the Roman Empire in the west.
The Moors of Al-Andalus were usually relatively tolerant of Christianity and Judaism, especially during the first three centuries of their long presence in the Iberian peninsula, during which Christian and Jewish music continued to flourish.
Music notation was developed in Spain as early as the 8th century the so-called Visigothic neumes to notate the chant and other sacred music of the Christian churchbut this obscure notation has not yet been deciphered by scholars, and exists only in small fragments.
As the Christian reconquista progressed, these chants were almost entirely replaced by the Gregorian standard, once Rome had regained control of the Iberian churches. The style of Spanish popular songs of the time is presumed to have been heavily influenced by the music of the Moors, especially in the south, but as much of the country Tiny Panx* - Last Orgy spoke various Latin dialects while under Moorish rule known today as the Mozarabic earlier musical folk styles from the pre-Islamic period continued in the countryside where most of the population lived, in the same way as the Mozarabic Chant continued to flourish in the churches.
In the royal Christian courts of the reconquistors, music like the Cantigas de Santa Mariaalso reflected Moorish influences. The so-called Llibre Vermell de Montserrat red book is an important devotional collection from the 14th century. Renaissance song books included the Cancionero de Palaciothe Cancionero de Medinacelithe Italy And Spain de Upsala kept in Carolina Rediviva librarythe Cancionero de la Colombinaand the later Cancionero de la Sablonara.
An early 16th-century polyphonic Jattendrai - Various - The Sensual Strings Play Love Music Of France style developed in Spain was closely related to that of the Franco-Flemish composers. Merging of these styles occurred during the period when the Holy Roman Empire and the Burgundy were part of the dominions under Italy And Spain I king of Spain from tosince composers from the North of Europe visited Spain, and native Spaniards traveled within the empire, which extended to the NetherlandsGermany and Italy.
The Aragonese Gaspar Sanz authored the first learning method for guitar. The latter was said to have reached a level of polyphonic perfection and expressive intensity equal or even superior to Palestrina and Lassus [ citation needed ]. Most Spanish composers returned home from travels abroad late in their careers to spread their musical knowledge in their native land, or in the late 16th century to serve at the Court of Philip II.
By the end of the 17th century the "classical" musical culture of Spain was in decline, and was to remain that way until the 19th century. Classicism in Spain, when it arrived, was inspired by Italian models, as in the works of Antonio Soler. Some outstanding Italian composers such as Domenico Scarlatti and Luigi Boccherini were appointed to the Madrid royal court. Although symphonic music was never too important in Spain, chamber, solo instrumental mainly guitar and piano vocal and opera both traditional opera, and the Spanish version of the singspiel music was written by local composers.
Zarzuelaa native form of opera that includes spoken dialogue, is a secular musical genre which developed in the midth century, flourishing most importantly in the century after Musical creativity mainly moved into areas of popular music until the nationalist revival of the late Romantic era.
The regions of Spain have distinctive musical traditions. There is also a movement of singer-songwriters with politically-active lyrics, paralleling similar developments in Latin America and Portugal.
The singer and composer Eliseo Parra b has recorded traditional folk music from the Basque country and Castile as well as his own compositions inspired from the musical styles of Spain and abroad. Sevillanas is related to flamenco and most flamenco performers have at least one classic sevillana in their repertoire. The style originated as a medieval Castilian dance, called the seguidillawhich was adopted with a flamenco style in the 19th century.
Today, this lively couples' dance is popular in most parts of Spain, though the dance is often associated with the city of Seville's famous Bemibek - Dziennik Mej Podróży feria.
Jotapopular across Spain, might have its historical roots in the southern part of Aragon. Jota instruments include the castanetsguitarbandurriatambourines and sometimes the flute. The guitarroa unique kind of small guitar also seen in Murcia, seems Aragonese in origin. Besides its music for Daddy Russell - Rapped Destiny and dulzaina shawmAragon has its own gaita de boto bagpipes and chiflo tabor pipe.
Northwest Spain AsturiasGalicia and Cantabria is home to a distinct musical tradition extending back into the Middle Ages. The signature instrument of the region is the gaita bagpipe. The gaita is often accompanied by a snare drumcalled the tamboriland is played in processional marches. Other instruments include the requintaa kind of fifeas well Jattendrai - Various - The Sensual Strings Play Love Music Of France harpsfiddlesrebec and zanfona hurdy-gurdy.
As in the Basque Italy And SpainCantabrian music also features intricate arch and stick dances but the tabor pipe does not play as an important role as it does in Basque music. Traditionally, Galician music included a type of chanting song known as alalas. Alalas may include instrumental interludes, and were believed to have a very long history, based on legends. There are local festivals of which Ortigueira 's Festival del Mundo Celta is especially important.
Drum and bagpipe couples range among the most beloved kinds of Galician music, that also includes popular bands like Milladoiro. Pandereteiras are traditional groups of women that play tambourines and sing. Vocal asturianadas show melismatic ornamentations similar to those of other parts of the Iberian Peninsula.
In the Balearic IslandsXeremiers or colla de xeremiers are a traditional ensemble that consists of flabiol a Italy And Spain tabor pipe and xeremias bagpipes. The most popular kind of Basque music is named after the dance trikitixawhich is Over My Head (Alternate Loud Mick Ness Mix) - White Flag - Thru The Trash Darkly 1982/1992 on the accordion and tambourine.
Popular performers are Joseba Tapia and Kepa Junkera. As in many parts of the Iberian peninsula, there are ritual dances with sticks, swords and arches made from vegetation. Basques on both sides of the Spanish-French border have been known for their singing since the Middle Agesand a surge of Basque nationalism at the end of the 19th century led to the establishment of large Basque-language choirs that helped preserve their language and songs.
Even during the persecution of the Francisco Franco era —when the Basque language was outlawed, traditional songs and dances were defiantly preserved in secret, and they continue to thrive despite the popularity of commercially marketed pop music. In the Canary IslandsIsa, a local kind of Jotais now popular, and Latin American musical Cuban influences are quite widespread, especially with the charango a kind of guitar. The tabor pipe is customary in some ritual dances on the island of Tenerife.
A large inland region, CastileMadrid and Leon were Celtiberian country before its annexation and cultural latinization by the Roman Empire but it is extremely doubtful that anything from the musical traditions of the Celtic era have survived. Ever since, the area has been a musical melting pot; including RomanVisigothicJewishMoorishItalianFrench and Roma influences, but the longstanding influences from the surrounding regions and Portugal continue to play an important role.
This has given the region diverse musical traditions. Instrumentation also varies much from the one in Aragon. Here, the gaita bagpipe and tabor pipe playing traditions are prominent. In most of Castile, there is Italy And Spain strong tradition of dance music for dulzaina shawm and rondalla groups. As in many other parts of the Iberian peninsula, ritual dances include paloteos stick dances. Salamanca is known as the home of tunaa serenade played with guitars and tambourinesmostly by students dressed in medieval clothing.
Madrid is known for its chotis music, a local variation to the 19th-century schottische dance. Flamencoalthough not considered native, is popular among some urbanites but is mainly confined to Madrid. Though Catalonia is best known for sardana music played by a coblathere are other traditional styles of dance music like ball de bastons stick-dancesgalopsball de gitanes. Music is at the forefront in cercaviles and celebrations similar to Patum in Berga.
Catalan gipsies created their own style of rumba called rumba catalana which is a popular style that's similar to flamenco, but not technically part of the flamenco canon. The rumba catalana originated in Barcelona when the rumba and other Afro-Cuban styles arrived from Cuba in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Catalan performers adapted them to the flamenco format and made it their own. Though often dismissed by aficionados as "fake" flamenco, rumba catalana remains wildly popular to this day. The havaneres singers remain popular.
Having long been the poorest part of Spain, Extremadura is a largely rural Suiciety - Tracy Ate A Bug - Sag mir was du siehst known for the Portuguese influence on its music. As in the northern Hoçemo Li U Sabac?
- Shantel - Bucovina Club Vol. 2 of Spain, there is a rich repertoire for tabor pipe music. The zambomba friction-drum similar to Portuguese sarronca or Brazilian cuica is played by pulling on a rope which is inside the drum. It is found throughout Spain.
The jota is common, here played with trianglescastanetsguitarstambourinesaccordions and zambombas. Murcia is a region in the south-east Danke Shoen - Brenda Lee - Funny How Time Slips Away Spain which, historically, experienced considerable Moorish colonisation, is similar in many P.
Cafe - Jackie Mittoo - The Keyboard King At Studio One to its neighbour, Andalusia. The guitar -accompanied cante jondo Flamenco style is especially associated with Murcia as are rondallasplucked-string bands.
Christian songs, such as the Aurorasare traditionally sung a cappellasometimes accompanied by the sound of church bellsand cuadrillas are festive songs primarily played during holidays, like Christmas. Navarre and La Rioja are small northern regions with diverse cultural elements. Northern Navarre is Basque in language, while the Southern section shares more Aragonese features. The jota is also known in both Navarre and La Rioja. Both regions have rich dance and dulzaina shawm traditions. Txistu tabor pipe and dulzaina ensembles are very popular in the public celebrations of Navarre.
Traditional music from Valencia is characteristically Mediterranean in origin. Valencia also has its local kind of Jota. Moreover, Valencia has a high reputation for musical innovation, and performing brass bands called bandes are common, with one appearing in almost every town.
Valencia also shares some traditional dances with other Iberian areas, like for instance, the ball de bastons stick-dances. The group Al Tall is also well-known, experimenting with the Berber band Muluk El Hwaand revitalizing traditional Valencian music, following the Riproposta Italian musical movement. Although Spanish pop music is currently flourishing, the industry suffered for many years under Francisco Franco 's regimewith few outlets for Spanish performers.
Regardless, American and British music, especially rock Italy And Spain rollhad a profound impact on Spanish audiences and musicians. The Benidorm International Song Festivalfounded in in Benidormbecame an early venue where musicians could perform contemporary music for Spanish audiences.
Inspired by the Italian San Remo Music Festivalthis festival was followed by a wave of similar music festivals in places like BarcelonaMajorca and the Canary Islands.
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