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The Holtzman effect  is a fictional scientific phenomenon in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbertbeginning with the novel Dune. The effect is never explained in detail, but it makes among other things defensive force shields and instantaneous space travel possible.
Frank Herbert was inconsistent with the spelling of "Holtzman," resulting in the variant spellings "Holtzmann" 's Children of Dune  and "Holzmann" 's Chapterhouse: Dune. Anderson —the Holtzman effect is named after the The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space who discovered it, Tio Holtzman though for many of its applications, Holtzman in fact takes credit for the mathematical theories of his assistant, Norma Cenva. In Terminology of the Imperiumthe glossary of the novel DuneFrank Herbert provides the following definition:.
This field derives from Phase One of the suspensor-nullification effect. A shield will permit entry only to objects moving at slow speeds depending on setting, this Left For Dead - UK Subs - The Gem Singles ranges from six to nine centimeters per second and can be shorted out only by a shire-sized electric field.
In Dunethe technology has been adapted for reliable use in personal defensive shields which permit penetration only by objects that move below a pre-set velocity. Attack has the sole purpose of tricking the opponent into a misstep, setting him up for the attack sinister. The shield turns the fast blow, admits the slow kindjal!
There are even half shields that do not entirely cover the body. A five-layered shield-generated field called a pentashield The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space be used to protect small areas like doorways, but larger versions become increasingly unstable as layers are added.
A pentashield is "virtually impassable to anyone not wearing a dissembler tuned to the shield codes. The interaction of a lasgun beam and a Holtzman field results in subatomic fusion and a nuclear explosion. The vibrations of an active shield will drive a sandworm on Arrakis into a killing frenzy, drawing them from across territorial lines to attack the shield.
It is noted in Children of Dune that the Fremen have developed a small shield generator known as a "pseudo-shield" to attract and madden a worm, for use as an ersatz bomb. The effect is used in this case to fold space at the quantum level, allowing the Spacing Guild 's heighliner ships to instantaneously travel far distances across space without actually moving at all. However, the chaotic and seemingly non-deterministic quantum nature of "foldspace" requires at least limited prescience on the part of the human navigator; otherwise the absurdly complex mathematics involved in producing reliable physical projections of such events would only be possible with advanced computers, which are strictly prohibited because of mankind's crusade against thinking machinesthe Butlerian Jihad.
To this effect, the Guild produces melange -saturated Navigators who intuitively "see paths through foldspace" in this way. Kevin R.
Grazier analyzes the concepts of folding space and faster-than-light travel in the essay "Cosmic Origami" in The Science of Dune Hovering devices called suspensors utilize the secondary low-drain phase of a Holtzman field generator to nullify gravity within certain limits prescribed by relative mass and energy consumption.
In Dunethe grotesquely obese Baron Vladimir Harkonnen utilizes suspensor belts and harnesses to buoy his flesh and allow him to walk. A varied use of the Holtzman effect is the glowglobe. This device is a small glowing sphere that floats gracefully above a surface like a portable, personal sun, since it is typically tuned to a yellowish color. The non- canon Dune Encyclopedia by Willis E. McNelly invents an extensive, alternate origin and description of the Holtzman effect.
Young Holtzman was nearly killed in a tragic accident in a racing 'thopter He became the first of very few persons to undergo a brain transplant: his brain was placed in a prototype axlotl tank and wired into a large host computer with an unprogrammed personality blank, on the assumption that Holtzman would imprint his own personality on the machine.
The process was marred by an induced psychosis : afterwards, Holtzman suffered from intense paranoia and refused treatment. Since Holtzman's was the first brain transplant ever performed, the extent of his powers was not fully understood. The son of the planetary governor of Liesco II, Holtzman has a specialized ship constructed and "escapes" into space to "think.
He focuses on analyzing the suspensor-nullification effect, which as Frank Herbert established makes interstellar travel possible. According to the Encyclopediathis effect had been discovered years earlier but is not fully understood. Holtzman's first related The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space is an "instantaneous interstellar communication device" later called the Holtzman Wave.
Until this point, interstellar travel had effected a widespread population of the universe which could no longer be controlled by the Imperial House Ceres. The development of Holtzman Wave generators gives The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space the means to easily communicate across vast distances and results in the long and "ferocious" Wars of Reunification. Holtzman himself remains in seclusion, returning to civilization five times. On his third return, over years after his original escape, he gives humanity his next related discovery: defensive shields.
On his fourth return millennia later, "Holtzman 'published' his unified theory, linking the various effects into a single hierarchy of phenomena.
Knowing his ship is booby trapped with a dormant laser aimed at a defensive shield, the Jihad fleet send a volunteer to board the ship, thereby setting off the explosion which results from shield-laser interaction. According to the Encyclopediathe three-dimensional suspensor-nullification effect is discovered thousands of years before Holtzman explored the associated phenomena; his name is eventually applied to all manifestations of the Holtzman effect.
Anderson Legends of Dune prequel trilogy — establishes that the Holtzman effect is discovered by — and named after — scientist and inventor Tio Holtzman immediately prior to the Butlerian Jihad, some 10, years before the events of Dune. The technology is employed for defensive force fields capable of scrambling the gel-circuitry of thinking machines, the force of sentient computers and robots who seek to enslave and exterminate mankind.
Networks of towers generating the field from the surface protect entire planets from machine attacks. Residing on the planet PoritrinHoltzman's career is on the wane, as he has not invented anything significant in several years.
He comes across the work of Norma Cenva, a Guelin Gueledir - Various - Azerbaidjan / Turkmenistan from Rossak ; realizing her genius, he invites her to come The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space with him on Poritrin. The machines soon realize that their cymeks human-machine hybrids can slip through the planetary force fields to destroy the transmitters because they possess human brains, which are unaffected by the scrambler fields.
Cenva has the idea to use the field as an offensive weapon, projecting it with portable transmitters to knock out machines and their installations. Holtzman later calculates that the field can be modified to prevent penetration from physical projectiles; Cenva agrees, correcting the flaws in his concept but noting that objects can still pass through the shield at a slow enough speed. The human forces start installing these new shields on their battleships and most ground forces.
However, as it is still a new technology at the time, the shields tend to overheat with too much use and deactivate. As time passes, Holtzman discovers that the young dwarfish woman is much more creative than he, and after being upstaged by her twice, begins to dislike her.
Eventually he takes credit for Cenva's mathematical theories, which led to many practical uses for Holtzman's original discovery, including the Holtzman Drive, Holtzman Shields, suspensors and glowglobes.
Her theory is proven in the novel Dune: The Machine Crusadewhen Holtzman himself is killed by the explosion from such an interaction during a slave uprising on Poritrin. The Legends of Dune series also establishes that Cenva invents the theory of space folding in B. By B.
Within a decade, Venport puts the space-folding technology and Luney Tune - Alice Cooper - Schools Out at the disposal of the Jihad forces. Initially, foldspace travel is not completely accurate or safe; only about nine out of every ten heighliners make it to their Allegro Ma Non Tanto - Edith Volckaert, Rudolf Werthen / Shostakovich*, Sibelius* & Ysaye* / Orchest destination.
In 88 B. That same year, Norma's son Adrien Venport founds the Foldspace Shipping Company, which later becomes the Spacing Guild and eventually monopolizes space commerce, transport and interplanetary banking. Cenva's name is eventually forgotten by history, but she is more interested in improving defensive shields and developing foldspace travel to make it safer and more efficient.
Her efforts help humanity defeat the thinking machines. In 's Dune: House Atreides the first The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space of the Prelude to Dune prequel trilogy by Brian Herbert and Andersonthe following is stated via epigraph :. Tio Holtzman was one of the most productive Ixian inventors on record. He often went on creative binges, locking himself up for months on end so that he could work without interruption. Sometimes upon emerging he required hospitalization, and there were constant concerns over his sanity and well-being.
Holtzman The New Forever - Cages - Folding Space young — barely past thirty Standard Years — but the results of his efforts changed the galaxy forever. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article describes a work or element of fiction in a primarily in-universe style. Please help rewrite it to explain the fiction more clearly and provide non-fictional perspective. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. It has been suggested that this article be merged into List of technology in the Dune universe.
Discuss Proposed since December Children of Dune. Chapterhouse: Dune. Heretics of Dune. Anderson — Legends of Dune.
Jessica focused her mind on lasguns, wondering. The white-hot beams of disruptive light could cut through any known substance, provided that substance was not shielded.
The fact that feedback from a shield would explode both lasgun and shield did not bother the Harkonnens. God Emperor of Dune. If Topi Sorsakoski & Reijo Taipale - Kulkukoirat we had suspensorsJessica thought.
It'd be such a simple matter to jump down there. But perhaps suspensors are another thing to avoid in the open desert. Maybe they attract the worms the way a shield does. In Grazier, Kevin R. Psychology of Popular Culture. June 1, The Dune Encyclopedia. Anderson Dune: The Machine Crusade. Dune: House Atreides. Dune franchise. Hunters of Dune Sandworms of Dune Dune soundtrack Dune Atreides Corrino Harkonnen.
Categories : Dune technology Physics in fiction Fictional science.
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