Label: Milestone Records - M-47017 • Series: Milestone Classic Jazz • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP, Compilation, Remastered • Country: Spain • Genre: Jazz • Style: Ragtime
Louis Daniel Armstrong August 4, — July 6,nicknamed Satchmo Satchand Pops was an American trumpetercomposer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the s to the s, and different eras in Flashcards - Smegma - I Am Not Artist (1973-1988) history of jazz.
Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the s as an inventive Early Every Morn - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance.
In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. He earned a reputation at " cutting contests ", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson 's band. With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song. He was also skilled at scat singing.
Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the s, his influence had spread to popular music in general.
Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis.
He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men. Armstrong often stated that he was born on July 4, Albert was from Boutte, Louisianaand gave birth at home when she was about sixteen. William Armstrong abandoned the family shortly after. Louis Armstrong was raised by his grandmother until the age of five when he was returned to his mother. He did odd jobs for the Karnoffskys, a family of Lithuanian Jews. While selling coal in Storyvillehe heard spasm bandsgroups that played music out of household objects.
He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. The Karnoffskys  took him in Early Every Morn - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver treated him like family.
Knowing he lived without a father, they fed and nurtured him. To distinguish them from other hawkers, he tried playing a tin horn to attract customers. Morris Karnoffsky gave Armstrong an advance toward the purchase of a cornet from a pawn shop. When Armstrong was eleven, he dropped out of school. He also got into trouble. Cornetist Bunk Johnson said he taught the eleven-year-old to play by Early Every Morn - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver at Dago Tony's honky tonk.
He said about his youth, "Every time I close my eyes blowing that trumpet of mine—I look right in the heart of good old New Orleans It has given me something to live for. Borrowing his stepfather's gun without permission, he fired a blank into the air and was arrested on The Great Pretender - The Righteous Brothers - Best Selection 31, Mattresses were absent.
Meals were often little more than bread and molasses. Captain Joseph Jones ran the home like a military camp and used corporal punishment. Armstrong developed his cornet skills by playing in the band. Peter Davis, who frequently appeared at the home at the request of Captain Jones,  became Armstrong's first teacher and chose him as bandleader.
With this band, the thirteen year-old Armstrong attracted the attention of Kid Ory. On June 14,Armstrong was released into the The Waiting Room - Chloe Ray - The Waiting Room of his father and his new stepmother, Gertrude.
He lived in this household with two stepbrothers for several months. After Gertrude gave birth to a daughter, Armstrong's father never welcomed him, so he returned to his mother, Mary Albert. In her small home, he had to share a bed with his mother and sister. He found a job at a dance hall owned by Henry Ponce, who had connections to organized crime. He met the six-foot tall drummer Black Bennywho became his guide and bodyguard.
Armstrong played in brass bands and riverboats in New Orleans, first on an excursion boat in September He traveled with the band of Fate Marablewhich toured on the steamboat Sidney with the Streckfus Steamers line up and down the Mississippi River.
Armstrong described his time with Marable as "going to the University", since it gave him a wider Radlader - 1 Mio.
Sachschaden - Mit Freundlichen Grüßen working with written arrangements. He did return to New Early Every Morn - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver periodically. He also became second trumpet for the Tuxedo Brass Band. Throughout his riverboat experience, Armstrong's musicianship began to mature and expand. At twenty, he could read music. He became one of the first jazz musicians to be featured on extended trumpet solos, injecting his own personality and style.
He started singing in his performances. With Oliver's Creole Jazz Band he could make enough money to quit his day jobs. Although race relations were poor, Chicago was booming. The city had jobs for blacks making good wages at factories with some left over for entertainment. Oliver's band was among the most influential jazz bands in Chicago in the early s. Armstrong lived luxuriously in his own apartment with his first private bath. Excited as he was to be in Chicago, he began his career-long pastime of writing letters to friends in New Orleans.
Armstrong could blow two hundred high Cs in a row. As his reputation grew, he was challenged to cutting contests by other musicians. His first studio recordings were with Oliver for Gennett Records on April 5—6, They endured several hours on the train to remote Richmond, Indianaand the band was paid little. The quality of the Girl Watcher - Various - Summertime Gold was affected by lack of rehearsal, crude recording equipment, bad acoustics, and a cramped studio.
In addition, Richmond was associated with the Ku Klux Klan. Lil Hardin Armstrong urged him to seek more prominent billing and develop his style apart from the influence of Oliver. She encouraged him to play classical music in church concerts to broaden his skills. She prodded him into wearing more stylish attire to offset his girth. Her influence eventually undermined Armstrong's relationship with his mentor, especially concerning his salary and additional money that Oliver held back from Armstrong and other band members.
Armstrong and Oliver parted amicably in He switched to the trumpet to blend in better with the other musicians in his section. His influence on Henderson's tenor sax soloist, Coleman Hawkinscan be judged by listening to the records made by the band during this period. Armstrong adapted to the tightly controlled style of Henderson, playing trumpet and experimenting with the trombone. The other members were affected by Armstrong's emotional style.
His act included singing and telling tales of New Orleans Uniform - Algernon Cadwallader - Parrot Flies, especially preachers. Duke Ellington's orchestra went to Roseland to catch Armstrong's performances.
InArmstrong returned to Chicago largely at the insistence of Lil, who wanted to expand his career and his income.
In publicity, much to his chagrin, she billed him as "the World's Greatest Trumpet Player". For a time he was a member of the Lil Hardin Armstrong Band and working for his wife.
The word "muggles" was a slang term for marijuana, something he used often during his life. Cyr banjoLil Armstrong on Zeca Pagodinho - Sem Limite, and usually no drummer. Over a twelve-month period starting in Novemberthis quintet produced twenty-four records.
Cyr noted, "One felt so relaxed working with him, and he was very broad-minded His recordings soon after with pianist Earl "Fatha" Hines most famously their "Weather Bird" duet and Armstrong's trumpet introduction to and solo in "West End Blues" remain some of the most famous and influential improvisations in jazz history. Armstrong was now free to develop his personal style as he wished, which included a heavy dose of effervescent jive, such as "Whip That Thing, Miss Lil" and "Mr.
They furnished music for silent movies and live shows, including jazz versions of classical music, such as "Madame Butterfly", which gave Armstrong experience with longer forms of music and with hosting before a large audience. He began Early Every Morn - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver - Louis Armstrong And King Oliver scat sing improvised vocal jazz using nonsensical words and was among the first to record it, on the Hot Five recording " Heebie Jeebies " in The recording was so popular that the group became the most famous jazz band in the United States, even though they had not performed live to any great extent.
Young musicians across the country, black or white, were turned on by Armstrong's new type of jazz. Hines and Armstrong became fast friends and successful collaborators. It was during Hall's tenure at the venue that she experimented, developed and expanded her use and art of Scat singing with Armstrong's guidance and encouragement.
In the first half ofArmstrong assembled his Hot Seven group, which added drummer Al "Baby" Dodds and tuba player, Pete Briggs, while preserving most of his original Hot Five lineup.
John Thomas replaced Kid Ory on trombone. Later that year he organized a series of new Hot Five sessions which resulted in nine more records. Armstrong returned to New York inwhere he played in the pit orchestra for the musical Hot Chocolatesan all-black revue written by Andy Razaf and pianist Fats Waller. He also made a cameo appearance as a vocalist, regularly stealing the show with his rendition of " Ain't Misbehavin' ".
His version of the song became his biggest selling record to date. Armstrong started to work at Connie's Inn Le Tsar - Laurent Petitgirard - Les Folies Offenbach Harlem, chief rival to the Cotton Cluba venue for elaborately staged floor shows,  and a front for gangster Dutch Schultz. Armstrong also had considerable success with vocal recordings, including versions of famous songs composed by his old friend Hoagy Carmichael.
His s recordings took full advantage of the new RCA ribbon microphoneintroduced inwhich imparted a characteristic warmth to vocals and immediately became an intrinsic part of the ' crooning ' sound of artists like Bing Crosby. Armstrong's famous interpretation of Carmichael's " Stardust " became one of the most successful The Dreamers - Fredrik Lundin Quartet - Twilight Land of this song ever recorded, showcasing Armstrong's unique vocal sound and style and his innovative approach to singing songs that had already become standards.
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