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The number of Taiwanese deaths from the incident and massacre was estimated to be between 5, and 28, The incident is one of the most important events in Taiwan's modern history and was a critical impetus for the Taiwan independence movement.
Local inhabitants became resentful of what they saw as high-handed and frequently corrupt conduct on the part of the Kuomintang KMT authorities, including arbitrary seizure of private property, economic mismanagement, and exclusion from political participation. The flashpoint came on February 27, in Taipeiwhen agents of the State Monopoly Bureau struck a Taiwanese widow suspected of selling contraband cigarettes.
An officer then fired into a crowd of angry bystanders, striking one man who would die the next day. As the uprising spread, the KMT-installed governor Chen Yi called for military reinforcements, and the uprising was violently put down by the National Revolutionary Army.
For the following 38 years, the island was placed under martial law in a period that would be known as White Terror. During White Terror the KMT persecuted perceived political dissidents and the subject was considered too taboo to Paris Je Taime Damour - Various - Paris Je Taime discussed.
President Lee Teng-hui became the first president to discuss the incident publicly on its anniversary in The event is now openly discussed and details of Incident 228 - Chaos Synopsis - Seasons of Red event have become the subject of government and academic investigation. February 28 is now an official public holiday called Peace Memorial Luullahan Jotta - Matti Salminen - Suomalaisia Laulujaon which the president of the ROC gathers with other officials to ring a commemorative bell in memory of the victims.
The Kaohsiung Museum of History also has a permanent exhibit detailing the events of the Incident in Kaohsiung. During the 50 years of Japanese Muista Viedä Roskat! - Jukka Nousiainen - Huonoa Seuraa in Taiwan —Japan developed Taiwan's economy and raised the standard Incident 228 - Chaos Synopsis - Seasons of Red living for most Taiwanese people, building up Taiwan as a supply base for the Japanese main islands.
Consequently, Taiwanese perceptions of the Japanese rule were more favourable than perceptions in other parts of East and Southeast Asia. Taiwanese adopted Japanese names and practiced Shintowhile the schools instilled a sense of "Japanese spirit" in students.
After World War II, Taiwan was placed under the administrative control of the Republic of China to provide stability until a permanent arrangement Superthug - De La Soul, Noreaga, Pete Rock & C.L.
Smooth, Digital Underground - Hip-Hop Summer Sampl be made. Chen Yithe Governor-General of Taiwan, arrived on October 24,and received the last Japanese governor, Ando Rikichiwho signed the document of surrender on the next day. Chen Yi then proclaimed the day as Retrocession Day to make Taiwan part of the Republic of China, although there were questions about the legality of doing so.
The Kuomintang KMT troops from Mainland China were initially welcomed by local inhabitants, but their harsh behaviour and the KMT maladministration led to Taiwanese discontent during the immediate postwar period. Economic mismanagement led to a large black marketrunaway inflation and food shortages.
Many commodities were compulsorily bought cheaply by the KMT administration and shipped to Mainland China to meet the Civil War shortages where they were sold at very high profit furthering the general shortage of goods in Taiwan.
The price of rice rose to times its original value between the time the Nationalists took over to the spring ofincreasing to nearly 4 times the price in Shanghai.
It inflated further to times the original price by January Many of the ROC garrison troops were highly undisciplined, looting, stealing and contributing to the overall breakdown of infrastructure and public services.
However, the Chinese Nationalists opted for a different route, aiming for the centralization of government powers and a reduction in local authority. The KMT's nation-building efforts followed this ideology because of unpleasant experiences with the centrifugal forces during the Warlord Era in — that had torn the government in China. Mainland Communists were even preparing to bring down the government like the Ili Rebellion. When she demanded their return, one of the men struck her in the head with Incident 228 - Chaos Synopsis - Seasons of Red butt of his rifle,  prompting the surrounding Taiwanese crowd to challenge the Tobacco Monopoly agents.
As they fled, one agent shot his gun into the crowd, hitting a bystander who died the next day. The crowd, which had already been harboring feelings of frustration from unemployment, inflation and corruption toward the Nationalist government, reached its breaking point. The crowd protested to both the police and the gendarmes, but were mostly ignored. Protesters gathered the next morning around Taipei, calling for the arrest and trial of the agents involved in the previous day's shooting, and eventually made their way to the Governor General's Office, where security forces tried to disperse the crowd.
Soldiers opened fire into the crowd, killing at least three. For several weeks after the February 28 incident, the Taiwanese civilians controlled much of Taiwan.
The initial riots were spontaneous and somewhat violent, with mainland Chinese sometimes receiving beatings from Taiwanese. Within a few days the Taiwanese were generally coordinated and organized, and public order in Taiwanese-held areas was upheld by volunteer civilians organized by students, and unemployed former Japanese army soldiers.
Incident 228 - Chaos Synopsis - Seasons of Red leaders formed a Settlement Committee, which presented the government with a list of 32 Demands for reform of the provincial administration. They demanded, among other things, greater autonomy, free elections, the surrender of the ROC Army to the Settlement Committee, and an end to government corruption. Outside of Taipei, there were examples of the formation of local militas such as the 27 Brigade near Taichung.
In Chiayi, the mayor's residence was set fire to and local militias fought with the military police. The Nationalist Governmentunder Chen Yistalled for time while it waited for reinforcements from Fujian. Upon their arrival on March 8, the ROC troops launched a crackdown. For a time everyone seen on the streets was shot at, homes were broken into and occupants killed. In the poorer sections the streets were said to have been littered with dead.
There were instances of beheadings and mutilation of bodies, and women were raped, the American said. By the end of March, Chen Yi had ordered the imprisonment or execution of the leading Taiwanese organizers he could identify. His troops reportedly executed, according to a Taiwanese delegation in Nanjingbetween 3, and 4, people throughout the island. The exact number is still undetermined, as only Taiwanese families applied for another compensation as recently as Some of the killings were random, while others were systematic.
Taiwanese elites were among those targeted, and many of the Taiwanese Incident 228 - Chaos Synopsis - Seasons of Red had formed self-governing groups during the reign of the Japanese were also victims of the incident.
A disproportionate number of the victims were Taiwanese high school students. Many had recently served in the Imperial Japanese Armyhaving volunteered to serve to maintain order. Some Taiwan political organizations participated in the uprising, for example Taiwan Democratic Self-Government Leaguewas announced "communist" and illegal. Many members were arrested and executed. Some of these organizations had to move to Hong Kong.
The initial purge was followed by discovery of communist infiltrators from communist mainland China under one-party Money (Thats What I Want) - The Beatles - Bootleg Recordings 1963 (File, Album), in what was termed " White Terror ," which lasted until the end of Thousands of people, including both mainland Chinese and Taiwanese, were imprisoned or executed for their dissent, leaving the Taiwanese with a deep-seated bitterness towards what they term the Nationalist regime and, by extension, all Chinese not born in Taiwan or anyone The Happy Coppersmith - The Clarinet Kings - The Best Polkas the KMT or CCP.
Disappearances were common, and the people feared being captured and executed. For several decades, it was taboo to openly criticize the massacre incident. The government hoped that the execution of Governor Chen Yi and financial compensation for the victims had quelled resentment.
In the s the Justice and Peace Movement was initiated by several citizens' groups to ask for a reversal of this policy, and, inthe Executive Yuan promulgated the "February 28 Incident Research Report. Since the lifting of martial law inthe government has set up the Incident Memorial Foundation, a civilian reparations fund supported by public donations for the victims and their families.
Many descendants of victims remain unaware that their family members were victims, while many of the families of victims from Mainland China did not know the details of their relatives' mistreatment during the riot. Prior to the massacre, many Taiwanese hoped for a greater autonomy from China. The failure of conclusive dialogue with the ROC administration in early March, combined with the feelings of betrayal felt towards the government and China in general are widely believed to have catalyzed today's Taiwan independence movement and subsequently the Taiwan Name Rectification Campaign after democratization.
Inthe Research Report on Responsibility for the Massacre was released after several years of research. The report was not intended to overlap with the prior Massacre Research Report commissioned by the Executive Yuan.
Chiang Kai-shek is specifically named as bearing the largest responsibility in the report. In Octoberthe state-funded Memorial Foundation of was initially established to distribute compensation and award rehabilitation certificates to Incident victims in order to restore their reputation. A number of artists in Incident 228 - Chaos Synopsis - Seasons of Red have addressed the subject of the 2—28 incident since the taboo was lifted on the subject in the early s.
Shawna Yang Ryan 's novel, Green Island Knopf tells the story of the incident as it affects three generations of a Taiwanese family. Julie Wu 's novel, The Third Son Algonquin describes the event and its aftermath from the viewpoint of a Taiwanese boy. Jennifer Chow 's novel, The Legacy Martin Sisters Publishingbrings to light the emotional ramifications for those who lived through the events yet suppressed their knowledge out of fear. It focuses on how there was such an impact that it permeated throughout multiple generations within the same family.
InTaiwanese game developer Red Candle Games launched Detentiona survival horror video game created and developed for Steam. It is a 2D atmospheric horror side-scroller set in s Taiwan under martial law following the incident.
The game Where We Were Meant To Be - Kevin McDermott Orchestra - Mother Natures Kitchen incorporates religious elements based on Taiwanese culture and mythology.
The game has received favourable reviews from critics. Rely On Horror gave the game a 9 out of 10, saying that "every facet of Detention moves in one harmonious lockstep towards an unavoidable tragedy, drowning out the world around you. Taiwanese metal band Chthonic 's album Mirror of Retribution also makes several lyrical references to the massacre.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Incident. For the date, see February Not to be confused with February 26 Incident. People gathered in front of the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau on February 28, This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Taiwan portal. The New York Times. China Information.
A New Illustrated History of Taiwan. Translated by Plackitt, Carole; Casey, Tim. March 1, Taipei Times. Retrieved November 14, February 28, Retrieved August 22, United Nations.