Label: Island Records Group - 2898,Universal Records - 2898 • Format: Cassette Album • Country: Indonesia • Genre: Funk / Soul, Blues, Pop • Style: Rhythm & Blues, Funk
Back to Black is the second and final studio album by English singer and songwriter Amy Winehousereleased on 27 October by Island Records. Winehouse predominantly based the album on her tumultuous relationship with then-ex-boyfriend and future husband Blake Fielder-Civil, who temporarily left her to pursue his previous ex-girlfriend.
Their short-lived separation spurred her to create an album that explores the themes of guiltgriefinfidelity and heartbreak in a relationship. Tom Elmhirst mixed the album at Metropolis Records in London. Back to Black was acclaimed by music critics, who praised Winehouse's songwriting and emotive singing style as well as Salaam Remi and Mark Ronson's production. It has also been cited as being a key influence to the widespread popularity of British soul throughout the late s, paving the musical landscape for artists such as AdeleDuffyand Estelle.
At the same ceremony, Winehouse won four additional awards, tying her with five other artists as the second-most awarded female in a single ceremony. Back to Black sold 3. The album has sold over 16 million copies worldwide. A deluxe edition of Back to Black was released in Novembercontaining a bonus disc of B-sides and live tracks.
At age 17, Winehouse signed with Island Recordsand later released her debut album, Frankon 20 October She dedicated the album to her ex-boyfriend, Chris Taylor, as she gradually lost interest in him. The album received positive reviews   with compliments over the "cool, critical gaze" in its lyrics  and brought comparisons of her voice to Sarah Vaughan Macy Gray and others.
She further notes that the marketing was "fucked", the promotion was "terrible", and everything was "a shambles". InWinehouse dated Blake Fielder-Civil, who was an assistant on music video sets. Around the same time, she rediscovered s music she loved as a girl, stating in a Rolling Stone interview: "When I fell in love with Blake, there was Sixties music around us a lot. Around the same year, she went through a period of drinking, heavy drug use, and weight loss.
In an interview with the Sun newspaper on the Wake Up Alone - Amy Winehouse - Back To Black of the album's release, Winehouse explained that she "shouldn't have been in a relationship with him because he was already involved with someone else a bit too close to home".
Most of the songs on Back to Black were solely written by Winehouse,  as her primary focus of the album's sound shifted more towards the style of the girl groups from the s and s. Winehouse worked with New York singer Sharon Jones 's longtime band, the Dap-Kingsto back her up in the studio and on tour. Winehouse and producer Mark Ronson both shared a publishing company, which encouraged a meeting between the two. They conversed in March in Ronson's New York studio that he used to have.
So she played me some of those records [ You should Wake Up Alone - Amy Winehouse - Back To Black back to the studio and we should turn that into a song.
Ronson recorded the trio to Suffocation - Soil & Pimp Sessions - Pimp Master the "'60s-sounding metallics" on the album. The drums, piano, guitar, and bass were all done together in one room, with the drums being recorded with one microphone. There was also lots of spill between the instruments. These were some of the first new songs played on the radio after the release of "Pumps" and both were slated to appear on her second album.
The track album, completed in five months,  was produced entirely by Remi and Ronson, with the production credits being split between them. He first received Ronson's original mix, which he described as being "radical in Quia Respexit - Vivaldi*, Bach*, Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra of panning, kind of Beatlesque ".
He continued, "The drums, for instance, were all panned to one side". He attempted to mix "Love Is a Losing Game" in the same manner he did with "Rehab", but felt it was not right to do so. Elmhirst mixed "Rehab", but when he first received the multitrack of the song, the track amount was minimal. Therefore, Ronson went to London to record strings, brass and percussion in one of Metropolis' tracking rooms. Elmhirst added Mamma Mia - ABBA - Gold Collection - MP3 Stereo contemporary sound to the song as well, while Ronson wanted to keep the mix sparse and not overproduced.
Club emphasized on "the record's status as the pinnacle of the Brit neo-soul Wake Up Alone - Amy Winehouse - Back To Black it ushered in". The album's first song and single, "Rehab", is an upbeat,  contemporary,  and autobiographical song about Winehouse's past refusal to attend an alcohol rehabilitation centre after a conversation she had with her father, Mitch Winehouse.
Before, her management team prodded her to go to one. In an October Sun interview, Winehouse asked her father if "he thought [she] needed to go". Winehouse's father declined on her request, but assured her to give the clinic a try anyway. She continues, "So I did, for just 15 minutes. I went in [,] said 'hello' [,] and explained that I drink because I am in love and have screwed up the relationship.
Then I walked out. Hathaway", in reference to Ray Charles and Donny Hathaway. However, for some time during live performances, she replaced "Ray" with "Blake", referring to her ex-husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, who served time in prison for charges relating to grievous bodily harm.
The lyrics also entail Winehouse as being "helpless" while trying to understand and resist her own self-destructive compulsions. Jones ". It is a "ska-soul" song  with a "pulsing reggae groove" throughout the track.
The eponymous track "Back to Black" explores elements of old-school soul music. The breakup left her going to "black", which to the listener may appear to refer to drinking and depression. However, the "black" she refers to is more likely heroinwhich she was openly addicted to. Alexis Petridis of The Guardian further explains, "Over a solitary electric guitar and subtle drums, [Winehouse's] voice takes centre stage to [set] out her resigned viewpoint that, as with gambling, you can only love for so long before ending up the loser".
A "one-take" demo of the song recorded in March by O'Duffy later appeared on Winehouse's posthumous album, Lioness: Hidden Treasures. Nick Shymansky, Winehouse's first manager, revealed that the inspiration of "Some Unholy War", a mid-tempo soul song,  came into fruition after Winehouse heard a radio broadcast on the War in Afghanistan. As she heard the term " holy war ", a war being primarily caused or justified by differences in religion, Winehouse immediately thought of One Chord Wonders - Various - 1-2-3-4 Punk & New Wave 1976-1979 idea to spin the religious conflict into her own personal issues with Fielder-Civil.
The idea is further bolstered with the song's opening lines, "If my man was fighting some unholy war, I would be behind him". Usually in live performances, she would start with the slower version of the song before proceeding into a more up-tempo version.
Joshua Klein of Pitchfork describes Winehouse in the song as "an objective observer, [and] able to see her personal issues for what they are". The chorus goes, "So he tries to pacify her, 'cause what's inside her never dies". He then played the song for Winehouse and, when she expressed interest, made a backing track for her. Harrison was not originally given a Dream - Various - Global Underground credit on Back to Blackso he sued Winehouse for copyright infringement.
They had a settlement over the song, and eventually, his name was added to the track. Back to Black was released on 27 October The reissue features the original studio album Wake Up Alone - Amy Winehouse - Back To Black as well as a bonus disc containing various B-sides and live tracks, including Winehouse's solo rendition of the single " Valerie " on BBC Radio 1 's Live Lounge ; the song was originally available in studio Wake Up Alone - Amy Winehouse - Back To Black on Ronson's Version album.
It includes a live set recorded at London's Shepherd's Bush Empire and a minute documentary chronicling the singer's career over the previous four years. The first single released from the album on 23 October was "Rehab". Having previously peaked at number 25 on the UK chart, the track climbed to number eight in late Julyfollowing Winehouse's death.
Winehouse promoted the release of Back to Black with headline performances in lateincluding a Little Noise Sessions charity concert at the Union Chapel in IslingtonLondon.
She also performed Toots and the Maytals ' " Monkey Man ". In Novemberthe opening Killing Spree - Deathbeam - Tracking Down Black Dog (File) of a date tour was marred by booing and walkouts at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham.
A critic for the Birmingham Mail said it was "one of the saddest nights of my life [ A statement issued by concert promoter Live Nation blamed "the rigours involved in touring and the intense emotional strain that Amy has been under in recent weeks" for the decision. Back to Black received widespread acclaim from critics. At Metacriticwhich assigns a normalised rating out of to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 81, based on 26 reviews.
Clubwas impressed by "the incongruity between Winehouse's trifling lyrical concerns and Back To Black ' s wall-of-sound richness". Some reviewers were more critical of the album. But the best ones are impossible to dislike. Back to Black was named one of the 10 best albums of and by several publications on their year-end albums lists, including Time number one Lady Jane - The Rolling Stones - Big Hits - High Tide And Green Grass Weekly number twoBillboard number threeThe New York Times number three The Il Poeta è Un Fingitore - Mariano Deidda - Deidda Interpreta Pessoa Chronicle number fourSlant Magazine number fourand Blender number eight.
Back to Black debuted at number three on the UK Albums Chart on 5 November with first-week sales of 43, copies. Back to Black debuted at number seven on the Billboard in the United States Wake Up Alone - Amy Winehouse - Back To Black first-week sales of 51, copies,  becoming the highest debut entry for an album by a British female solo artist at the time—a record that would be broken by Joss Stone 's Introducing Joss Stonewhich debuted at number two on the Billboard the following week.
Back to Black topped the European Top Albums chart for 13 non-consecutive weeks,  while reaching number one in several European countries such as Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Ireland, and Switzerland. Following Winehouse's death on 23 July sales of Back to Black drastically increased across the world.
The album rose to number one on several iTunes charts worldwide. Back to Black held the top spot for two additional weeks. After the release of Back to Blackrecord companies sought out more experimental female artists. Adele and Duffy were the second wave of artists with a sound similar to Winehouse's. Spin magazine music editor Charles Aaron was quoted as saying, "Amy Winehouse was the Nirvana moment for all these women [ All tracks written by Amy Winehouse except where noted.
These are credits adapted from the liner notes of Back to Blackwith the exception of mastering engineer Stuart Hawkes' involvement. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Wake Up Alone. This article is about the album. For the song, see Back to Black song. For the documentary film, see Amy Winehouse: Back to Black. Not to be confused with Back in Black. Amy Winehouse. Mark Ronson Salaam Remi. Her vocals were quick.
She'd give a couple takes that were effortless and honest, and we'd [the Instrumental Zoo personnel] have it.
Night Creature: First Movement - Duke Ellington And His Orchestra - The Symphonic Ellington, Sooner Or Later - The Grass Roots - Their 16 Greatest Hits, The Feeling - Endless Blue - Smoke Through It, Μαύρο Πρόβατο - Slobs* - Slobs