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Jackals are medium-sized omnivorous mammals of the genus Caniswhich also includes wolves, coyotes and the domestic dog. While the word "jackal" has historically been used for many small canids, in modern use it most commonly refers to three species: the closely related black-backed jackal and side-striped jackal of sub-Saharan Africa, and the golden jackal of south-central Eurasia, which is more closely related to other members of the genus Canis.
Jackals and coyotes sometimes called the American jackal  are opportunistic omnivores, predators of small to medium-sized animals and proficient scavengers. Jackals are crepuscularmost active at dawn and dusk. Their most common social unit is a monogamous pair, which defends its territory from other pairs by vigorously chasing intruding rivals and marking landmarks around the territory with their urine and feces. The territory may be large enough to hold some young adults, which stay with their parents until they establish their own territories.
Jackals may occasionally assemble in small packs, for Jackals - We Are Jackalsto scavenge a carcass, but they normally hunt either alone or in pairs. Gray wolf. African golden wolf. Golden jackal. Ethiopian wolf. African wild dog. Side-striped jackal. Black-backed jackal. Angel Cabrerain his monograph on the mammals of Moroccoquestioned whether or not the presence of a cingulum on the upper molars of the jackals and its corresponding absence in the rest of Canis could justify a subdivision of that genus.
In practice, Cabrera chose the undivided-genus alternative and referred to the jackals as Canis instead Jackals - We Are Jackals Thos.
Oken's Thos theory was revived in by Edmund Hellerwho embraced the separate genus theory. Heller's names and the designations he gave to Jackals - We Are Jackals jackal species and subspecies live on in current taxonomy, although the genus has been changed from Thos to Canis.
The wolf-like canids are a group of large carnivores that are genetically closely related because they all have Jackals - We Are Jackals chromosomes. The group includes genus CanisCuonand Lycaon.
The members are the dog C. The paraphyletic nature of Canis with respect to Lycaon and Cuon has led to suggestions that the two African jackals should be assigned to different genera, Schaeffia for the side-striped jackal and Lupulella for the black-backed jackal   or Lupulella for both. The intermediate size and shape of the Ethiopian wolf has at times led it to be regarded as a jackal, thus it has also been called the "red jackal" or the "Simien jackal".
Experiments in Germany with breeding poodles and golden jackals have produced hybrids. The results showed that, unlike wolf—dog hybridsjackal—dog hybrids show a decrease in fertilitysignificant communication problems, and an increase of genetic disorders after three generations of interbreedingmuch like coydogs. In Russia, golden jackals are one of the founder breeds of the Sulimov doga working dog owned exclusively by Aeroflot and used for bomb detection in airport security.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Several species of the wolf genus of mammals. For other uses, see Jackal disambiguation. For other uses, see Jackel disambiguation. For the beast in heraldry, see theow. Online Etymology Dictionary. Aurora - Björk - Vespertine Clamp, Romance E Aventura - Jammil* - Três. Bibcode : Natur.
Current Biology. Trends in Genetics. Wayne; Jennifer A. Leonard; Carles Vila In Melinda A. Zeder ed. University Run Like Hell - Roger Waters - The Wall (Live In Berlin) California Press. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 27 May The Canis tangle: a systematics overview and taxonomic recommendations. The Velvet Claw. The behavior guide to African mammals: including hoofed mammals, carnivores, primates.
Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Hundepsychologie in German 4th ed. Stuttgart: Franck-Kosmos-Verlag. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 German-language sources de CS1 French-language sources fr Articles with short description Articles containing Persian-language text Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Canis mesomelas Canis adustus Canis aureus Canis latrans Canis anthus. Canis lupus Canis lycaon Canis rufus Canis simensis. The extant wolf-like canids.
Phylogenetic relationships between the extant wolf-like clade of canids based on mitochondrial DNA. Black-backed jackal Canis mesomelas. Schreber The most lightly built jackal, it is considered to be the oldest living member of the genus Canis. Southern Africa and eastern coast of KenyaSomaliaand Ethiopia.
Side-striped jackal Canis adustus. It primarily resides in wooded areas, unlike other jackal species. It is the least aggressive of the jackals, rarely Jackals - We Are Jackals on large mammals. The most widespread of the jackals, it is more closely related to wolves than to African jackal species. Coyote Canis latrans. The largest and heaviest of the jackals, it is also known as the "American jackal"  It, like the black-backed jackal, is considered the most aggressive of the jackals.
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