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Involuntary treatment also referred to by proponents as assisted treatment and by critics as forced drugging refers to medical treatment undertaken without the consent of the person being treated.
In almost all circumstances, involuntary treatment refers to psychiatric treatment administered despite an individual's objections.
These are typically individuals who have been diagnosed with a mental disorder and are deemed by some form of clinical practitioner, or in some cases law enforcement or others, to be a danger to themselves or to others. Some jurisdictions have more recently allowed for forced treatment for persons deemed to be "gravely disabled" or asserted to be at risk of psychological deterioration.
Court Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment is typically required outside emergencies, although it is widely claimed that courts often act as "rubber stamps" on such Madam F Feat.
Lisa Millett - Im Independant. A Cochrane systematic review of the literature found that compulsory community treatment "results in no significant difference Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment service use, social functioning or quality of life compared with standard voluntary care. All states in the U. Further involuntary treatment outside clear and pressing emergencies where there is asserted to be a threat to public safety usually requires a court order, and all states currently have some process in place to allow this.
Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment assisted outpatient commitmentpeople committed involuntarily can live outside the psychiatric hospitalsometimes under strict conditions including reporting to mandatory psychiatric appointments, taking psychiatric drugs in the presence of a nursing team, and testing medication blood levels.
Forty-five states presently allow for outpatient commitment. Inthe U. Supreme Court ruled in O'Connor v. The individual must be exhibiting behavior that is a danger to themselves or others and a court order must be received for more than a short e.
The treatment must take place in the least restrictive setting possible. This ruling has since been watered down through jurisprudence in some respects and strengthened in other respects. Long term "warehousing", through de-institutionalization, declined in the following years, though the number of involuntary patients has increased dramatically more recently.
The statutes vary somewhat from state to state. Okin that a competent patient committed to a psychiatric hospital has the right to refuse treatment in non-emergency situations. The case of Rennie v. Klein established that an involuntarily committed individual has a constitutional right to refuse psychotropic medication without a court order. Rogers v. Okin established the patient's right to make treatment decisions so long as they are still presumed competent.
Additional U. Supreme Court decisions have added more restraints, and some expansions or effective sanctioning, to involuntary commitment and treatment. Foucha v. Louisiana established the unconstitutionality of the continued Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment of an insanity acquittee who was not suffering from a Bill Elliot* And The Elastic Oz Band* - God Save Us illness.
In Jackson v. Indiana the court ruled that a person adjudicated incompetent could not be indefinitely committed.
In Perry v. Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment the court struck down the forcible medication of a prisoner for the purposes of rendering him competent to be executed.
In Riggins v. Nevada the court ruled that a defendant had the right to refuse psychiatric medication while he was on trial, given to mitigate his psychiatric symptoms. Sell v. United States imposed stringent limits on the right of a lower court to order the forcible administration of antipsychotic medication to a criminal defendant who had been determined to be incompetent to stand trial for the sole purpose of making them competent and able to be tried.
In Washington v. Harper the Supreme Court upheld the involuntary medication of correctional facility inmates only under certain conditions as determined by established policy and procedures. However, the involuntary treatment of minors remains legally permitted in most states, usually with the consent of a parent Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment guardian. The use or purported overuse of psychotropic drugs on minors has exploded in recent years, and this fact has received some increased attention La Femme - La Femme the public, legal experts, former or current patients as well as medical researchers concerned over long-term effects on development.
A number of civil and human rights activists, Anti-psychiatry groups, medical and academic organizations, researchers, and members of the psychiatric survivors movement vigorously oppose involuntary treatment on human rights grounds or on grounds of effectiveness and medical appropriateness, particularly with respect to involuntary administration of mind altering substances, ECT, and psychosurgery. Some criticism has been made regarding cost, as well as of conflicts of interest with the pharmaceutical industry.
Critics, such as the New York Civil Liberties Unionhave denounced the strong racial and socioeconomic biases in forced treatment orders. The Church of Scientology is also aggressively opposed to involuntary treatment. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.
For treatment in hospital wards, see involuntary commitment. Cochrane Database of Systematic ReviewsIssue DOI: Acta Psychiatr Scand. Walter Harper". Retrieved 10 October Biopsychiatry controversy Controversy surrounding psychiatry Critical psychiatry Hearing Voices Movement History of mental disorders Involuntary commitment Involuntary treatment Martha Mitchell effect Medical ethics Medicalization medical model Outline of the psychiatric survivors movement Political abuse of psychiatry Psychiatric survivors movement Psychiatry: An Industry of Death Psychoanalytic theory Recovery approach Rhetoric of therapy Rosenhan Reeko - Submitted To Involuntary Treatment Self-help groups for mental health Therapeutic community.
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