Label: Decca - SPA.18,Decca - SPA 18 • Series: The World Of • Format: Vinyl LP, Compilation • Country: UK • Genre: Brass & Military • Style: Military
More broadly, they can also include musical ensembles of other federal and state uniformed services, including the Public Health Service and NOAA Corpsthe state defense forces, and the senior military colleges.
During the colonial period, most British army units posted in the area that would become the United States had bands attached. The first recorded instance of a local American military band was in in the New Hampshire militia. The U. Bands provide martial music during official events including state arrivals, military funerals, ship commissioning, and change of command and promotion ceremonies; they conduct public performances in support of military public relations and recruitment activities such as street parades and concerts; and they provide popular music groups to entertain deployed military personnel.
Most bands of the U. Unlike Canada, the United Kingdom, and some other nations, the United States federal armed forces do not maintain any "voluntary bands", or bands composed Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands unpaid civilian musicians who dress in military uniforms. All U. One exception to this is the U. Coast Guard Pipe Bandwhich is drawn from the U. Coast Guard Auxiliary. For hundreds of years, military forces have used music to signal their troops.
Evidence of the attachment of musicians to military units operating in what would become the United States dates towhen colonial Virginia militia employed drummers to beat marching cadences during drills and maneuvers.
Armed Forces School of Music, the first complete military band in the American colonies was organized in New Hampshire in with an instrumentation of 15 oboes and two drums.
At Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands outset Circle Jerks - Wönderful the American RevolutionUnited States military units primarily relied on fife and Ach, Warum So Schön - Holger Petersen - Russia À Gogo (8-Track Cartridge) corps for musical support.
Americans were first introduced to the bugle horn forerunner to the modern bugle during the Battle of Harlem Heightswhen British infantry used the instrument, causing Joseph Reed Nostalgi - Svend Spyt - Frosne Passager later recall, "the enemy appeared in open view, and sounded their bugles in a most insulting manner, as is usual after a fox chase.
I never felt such a sensation before—it seemed to crown our disgrace. Among the most noted American military musicians during the revolutionary period was Barzillai Lew whose fifing during the bloody Battle of Bunker Hill has been credited with keeping troop morale high. The end of the revolution came "the end of everything military" in the United States and it was not untilwith the establishment of the U.
Marine Corpsthat military music returned in an organized fashion. Marine Band, as of remains the oldest extant military music organization in the United States and, indeed, the oldest professional musical ensemble in that nation.
The establishment of regular U. Federal soldiers and Marines wore a variety of uniforms based around the basic color blue with the exception of bandsmen whose uniforms were patterned in red to allow them to be more easily identifiable to field commanders who would need them to signal his orders to troops.
The use of red in musician's uniforms is maintained to varying degrees by U. Marine Corps Band, the U. Army Band which are colored red in contrast to the standard U. Army blue design. The modern bugle was first introduced to American military units around Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands time of the War of All other American forces were required to continue using the traditional American fife.
Gradually, however, bugles became more widely adopted by the United States military. In United States Marine Band director Francesco Scala adopted the bearskin helmet for that band's drum-major in emulation of European trends. This transition occurred as the band was reorganizing itself from a traditional American fife and drum corps into its modern incarnation and the style later became popular headgear used by many military band drum-majors in the United States.
At the time of the American Civil WarU. Army bands had a normal strength of 24 musicians for Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands units, and 16 for cavalry. The proposal was shelved in the face of opposition from officers and soldiers, however, a trimming of bandsmen occurred by eliminating some regimental ensembles in favor of brigade-level bands.
Musicians were often given special privileges. Union general Phillip Sheridan gave his cavalry bands Girl Talk - TLC - We Love TLC best horses and special uniforms, believing "music has done its share, and more than its share, in winning this war". John Partridge, a soldier in the 24th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment, recorded in a letter home the value the men in his unit placed on the regimental band, Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands a civilian orchestra from Boston led by Patrick Gilmore :.
In the Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands era, aided by the large body of work being created by prolific American composers such as John Philip SousaHenry Filmore and Edwin Eugene BagleyAmerican military and military-like bands became known for performing a unique style of quick-tempo marches with thundering brass and heavy percussion. One music critic, writing about the Boston Jubilee ofcontrasted the "velvety smoothness" of the invited Band of the Grenadier Guards to the follow-up performance orchestrated by U.
Army bandmaster-general Patrick Gilmore which involved Your Clown - Eiffel 65 - Europop (UK Edition) heterogeneous choir of nearly twenty thousand, an orchestra of about a thousand instrumentalists of decidedly mixed abilities, an organ blown by steam power Then, it was led by Julius Hamper, a Swiss immigrant and conductor.
It was dissolved in the early s after over 20 years of servie in Washington D. By the early s military bands were being established in the far-flung reaches of the American colonial empire.
The group, described by Army and Navy Life as "one of the finest of all military bands in the world," and credited with John Philip Sousa as being equal in quality to the U. Marine Band, led Ever Fallen In Love - Fine Young Cannibals - The Finest U. During World War I, the U. Army's existing four black regiments.
In the U. The former group continued until it was eliminated in as a cost-cutting measure. By the 20th century military music had effectively ceased to be an integral part of combat operations with the existence of military bands becoming a function of public duties and troop morale and welfare.
Occasional exceptions existed, however. One later example of the use of a band in Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands occurred during the Vietnam War when U. NVA forces were, reportedly, so confused by the impromptu parade that they withdrew from the area, allowing American infantry to seize the road without opposition. In Senator Sam Nunn — fighting to stop closures of U. Military AcademyU. Naval Academyand U. Air Force Academy. Nunn said that cadets and midshipmen should volunteer to form their own bands instead, which would save the U.
In Rep. Betty McCollumresponding to Scipio - Various - The World Of Military Bands proposal she opposed that would curb funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcastingcalled for percent of military band budgets to be slashed. InMcCollum again attempted to defund military music programs by reintroducing her amendment.
In an effort to preempt further action by McCollum, the U. Army Air Corps. In addition to the three active-duty bands, six of what were then eleven Air National Guard bands were also deactivated.
InU. The amendment passed the House of Representatives on a voice vote and now goes to the Senate. McSally said military bands would still be allowed to play at military funerals and certain ceremonies.
During the American Revolution, some military units, lacking heraldic insignia, painted eagles on the facing of their drums in the British custom a regiment's armorial achievement would be used to decorate drums. This tradition continued after the war, and the decoration of drums with eagles in various poses, often dictated by the tastes of the individual band, continued. Army attempted to standardize the eagles used on drums and, by the Civil War, stencils were issued to bands to apply the authorized designs, though some flair continued in the finishing and painting of the final product.
Army Field Band and the U. Army Band "Pershing's Own" use "eagle drums". Most U. Some U. Army units have officially recognized unit Just A Little Love - Don Ciccone - Forever Begins Today. Army units with attached bands can adopt a unit march or song at the request of the commanding officer and approval of the United States Army Center of Military History.
Such groups are configured and commanded in a way intended to attract the highest-quality musicians available and competition for enlistment is typically fierce. Unlike non-premier ensembles, which provide musical support to specific military units or commands, premier ensembles exist to promote the U.
There are currently eleven such groups. There are also five Air National Guard bands. In addition to its four premier ensembles, the U. Army fields 33 active-duty bands assigned as unit ensembles to support divisions, corps, and armies. Army Reserve and 44 part-time National Guard bands are also maintained.
During combat operations, Army bands reconfigure as light infantry units responsible for reinforcing military police "by performing command post security, all-source production section security, and perimeter security for the division EPW central collecting point and EPW holding area. Though the Coast Guard does not have additional ensembles other than the U. The United States Coast Guard Pipe Band is a member pipe and drums band, organized into nine detachments which provide bagpipers and drummers for Coast Guard ship commissioning, change-of-command ceremonies, and funerals.
Though a privately maintained and funded organization, it operates with special permission from the U. Coast Guard that allows it to use the name "Coast Guard. Coast Guard Reserve and U. The band wears uniforms of modified highland dress with kilts in the Coast Guard tartan.
In addition to its two premier ensembles, the U. Marine Corps also maintains ten, person field bands assigned to the active-duty divisions and air wings. Marine Corps Band and the U. Marine Drum and Bugle Corps, are not mission-exclusive to music. During combat operations, bands are responsible for rear-area defense, reorganizing as the security platoon for the divisional or wing command center. The Navy has nine "fleet bands" in addition to its two premier ensembles, six of which are located in the Continental United Statesthe remaining three based in HawaiiItalyand Japan.
In the past, U. Each band is funded from private sources and staffed by part-time volunteers from the Public Health Service officer corps.
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